|Victoria, British Columbia, capital city of British Columbia, Canada, is located on the southeastern tip of Vancouver Island, overlooking the Strait of Juan de Fuca.
Victoria is one of the oldest communities in the province, and retains much of its English charm and character. It serves as a commercial, distribution, and manufacturing center for the surrounding lumbering, fishing, and agricultural area.
Government operations, tourism, and the repair and building of ships are major aspects of the city's economy. Chief manufactures include forest products, fabricated metal, and processed food.
Called the "City of Gardens," Victoria, is a beautiful community with large parks, an inviting waterfront and "old town" district, and a mild climate.
the Provincial Legislative Buildings (mostly built 1894-1897); the Royal British Columbia Museum, with natural history exhibits; the Art Gallery of Greater Victoria;
In 1843 the Hudson's Bay Company established a trading post on the site, which was originally called Fort Camosun and later renamed Fort Victoria, in honor of Queen Victoria of England.
Queen Victoria, with her personal example of honesty, patriotism, and devotion to family life, became a living symbol of the solidity of the British Empire. The many years of her reign, often referred to as the Victorian age, witnessed the rise of the middle class and intense nationalism.
The community, incorporated in 1862, was the capital of the colony of Vancouver Island from 1850 to 1866 and in 1868 became the capital of the colony of British Columbia, which was made a province of Canada in 1871.
Victoria grew as a port and shipbuilding center during World War I (1914-1918) and World War II (1939-1945).
In the 1960s and 1970s large sections of the city were renewed, and a number of buildings, including the Provincial Museum, were constructed.
The greater metropolitan area grew rapidly in the 1980s. Population (1986) 66,303; (1998) 76,121. Victoria Capital Region population is estimated at 335,369 (1998).
Victoria 10 Day Forecast
Queen Victoria (1819-1901) reigned for 63-years, the longest in the history of England. Her descendants, including 40 grandchildren, married into almost every royal family of Europe.